PHASE 05: DESIGN DEVELOPMENT


Design Development can be viewed as the continuation of schematic design, albeit with an increase in specificity necessary to demonstrate the quality, function and constructability of the design proposal. During the design development phase, the schematic design undergoes further refinement- or development- resulting in a coordinated, site-specific, aesthetic and material strategy for all of the project elements and systems. This process includes iterative design study of grading/earthworks, surface systems, infrastructure, planting, lighting, surfacing, lighting, and furnishings.  

In this phase, the designer must resist off-the-shelf “cookbook” or “toolbox” solutions that are purely functional solutions; rather, design development is the opportunity for the designer to create site-specific proposals that embody functional requirements that are artfully integrated with complex considerations of form, scale, dimension, materiality, durability, and other aesthetic and experiential considerations. For example, a proposed schematic design for a “pedestrian bridge” now becomes a sub-project and design study unto itself, opening a myriad of questions that must be asked regarding the bridge’s form, scale, dimension and material alongside the overall site-specific program and experiential intent. 

Design development relies heavily upon three-dimensional representations (models, perspectives, mockups, etc.) and technical drawings (plans, sections, elevations, details)  to both explore the design and to test its feasibility. Design development often appears similar to those in schematic design, but contain much more detail and include preliminary designation of materials palette. 


_PHASE 05 DESCRIPTION


Phase 05 includes two concurrent efforts that build upon, refine and further develop the proposed schematic design proposal.  In addition, the work of LA8201 and LA8773 LA Technologies and Systems III are coordinated to focus upon the synthesis between design form and design tectonics. 

Refinement efforts can be thought of as modifying, correcting, adjusting or otherwise improving upon the existing schematic design through new or edited sections, perspectives, models, plans and any other related content.  This may include redesigning portions of the project or it may include minor revisions of the same. Your refinements will be based on the comments received during the Phase 04 design review, redline comments provided by me and peer review comments. These refinements pertain to the ENTIRE site, not just a portion. 

Development efforts can be thought of as advancing the schematic design and adding another layer of specificity and detail to the design, as generally described above. This includes the design and specification of new information for the entire site, including surfacing materials, vegetation, infrastructure and other site scale typologies. For this phase, development also includes the detailed design study of a minimum of THREE significant sub-project area from the proposed schematic design. The areas you elect to study in more depth should embody the larger design concept and overall project strategy (no, not the parking lot). For example, you may be really interested in one particular space- a courtyard, entry plaza, etc- so this is the opportunity to take the time to more fully explore this space with rigor and depth.  Note: the design of each of the three (or more) sub-projects must be included updated site plans, sections, etc. 

Finally, in design development you may also consider the addition of new design elements and systems based upon inspiration, design feedback, new site information or other prerogatives. However, exercise caution in doing so, given the required work above and the limited time available. 

 

_PHASE 05 WORK PRODUCTS.  

Your Phase 05 grade will be based on these four items and the quality of your final presentation on 12/16.  


1.    At least one, eye-level perspective of EACH of the proposed sub-project areas (total of three). 24x36 landscape format.  It is essential that the eye level perspective be an accurate portrayal of materials.  The perspectives are to be used as both a design tool and a representation tool. The Goal is not to just crank out a perspective, but to use the perspective to further develop the design. 

2.    At least one aerial axonometric perspective of EACH of the proposed sub-project area. 24x36 landscape format.  

Both 1 and 2 above should be accurate and realistic portrayals of the sub-project’s space, materials, light/shadow, textures, human figures with anticipated program activities, and labels along with any other contributing elements. Therefore, the perspective views should INTIALLY be generated from to-scale CAD layout so as to generate wireframe 3D digital models (Rhino or SketchUp) or analog, measured 2-point perspectival drawings. Irrespective of modeling methods, the perspectives need to be dimensionally accurate beyond schematic collage techniques purely reliant on existing photographs. The perspectives are to be used as BOTH a design tool and a representation tool. The objective is NOT to just crank out a perspective, but to use the perspective as a design tool to further develop the design.  The final perspectives should be digitally illustrated in Photoshop/Illustrator/VRay or other and considered significant “portfolio pieces”.  See here for examples.  

3.    Surface Typology Diagrams with supporting images of typical materials, 1 of each of the following:
a.    Vegetation/Planting.  Utilizing updated CAD layout as background, diagram all existing vegetation to remain and all proposed vegetation. Identify major vegetation typologies, including typical plant species and representative images. Method of representation should reflect your project focus; but should provide a clear delineation and differentiation. 
b.    Hardscape. Utilizing updated CAD layout as background, diagram all non-vegetated surface materials, including material selections for paths, walks, bridges, catwalks, etc. Indicates area of existing to remain. Method of representation should reflect your project focus, but should provide a clear delineation and differentiation.  See here for examples.  
c.    Other, as proposed by you. 

4.    Anthropocene Futures: Old Lead Belt Design Proposal. A beautiful PDF booklet that serves as a final project report, which summarizes, in narrative and visual format, your work this term. In particular, the document should include the following:
a.    Cover image with title
b.    Title page, with author, credits, etc. 
c.    Table of Contents
d.    Executive Summary. +/-300 word max.
e.    Project Context and Setting. Inlcudign relevant maps, aerial photos, diagrams, photographs, etc of your choice. 
f.    Project Approach and Opportunities. Summary of the Project Approach and Opportunities. Updated and condensed from Phase 2 submittal. 
g.    Design Proposal. Summary of the overall design proposal, including a brief narrative discussion of the key design strategies, spaces, etc. This section should include the work products from Phase 04 and Phase 05. 
PDF format, 8.5x11 landscape format, maximum 40 page maximum (20 spreads for items d, e, f anf g above). 

NOTE: The project booklet is not due until December 21 at 11:03am. Therefore, you should prioritize your time on items above accordingly. In the past, students typically complete the booklet after final presentations. 

 

PHASE 05_SCHEDULE

1118: Phase_05 posted.  

1121: SD presentation debrief. Discussion of Phase 05 and Final Presentation. 
4pm Guest lecture: Maura Rockcastle, Principal, 10x10 Landscape Architecture and Urbanism. Minneapolis, MN 

1122: Rhino Workshop (optional) Tuesday, November 22 in Rapson 33 from 6 to 9pm. Food provided.
Hosted by LA8201 TA Alex Heid and GD3 MLA student Chris Tallman. 

Primer for 3D modeling workshop found here

1123: Studio guest: Eric Olsen, Hargreaves Associates, New York City (tentative). Work session and Desk Crits.  

1125: Holiday. No class. 

1128: Lecture- Materiality- surfacing.  Work session and Desk Crits

1130: Work session and Desk Crits.

1202: Phase 05_DD Draft Progress Pinup. Wire frame of each view with draft material palette.Preliminary draft of surfacing diagrams. 

1205: Lecture- Materiality- metals+.  Work session and Desk Crits.  

1207: Work session and Desk Crits

1209: ALL DESIGN WORK COMPLETE. Phase 05_DD final draft progress pinup. Round-robin peer review. Final draft material palette. 

 

FINAL PRESENTATION PRODUCTION WEEK.

1212: Course evaluations.  Lecture- Project Presentation Tips.  

1214: Work session 

1215: All materials for presentation due Thursday, December 15th at 10:59pm.  NO LATE WORK WILL BE EXCEPTED WITHOUT PRIOR NOTIFICATION and APPROVAL. Upload all materials to the folder HERE. All materials should be combined into one PDF. 

1216: Final presentations (see below). Rapson 225. 9 to 6pm. LUNCH BREAK 12-130pm.
    Guest critics to be confirmed and announced on 12/09. 

 

FINAL PRESENTATION REQUIREMENT

FINAL PRESENTATION REQUIREMENT. 

Your presentation must include aspects of Phase 02, all of the Phase 04 Schematic Design work products (updated/revised with new content) and Phase 05 Design Development work products items 1, 2 and 3.  

Presentation format- your choice of prints, models, digital other/all of the above.  

In addition, you will be required to include the related final work products from LA8773.  

  • Design Development: Three, eye-level perspectives; one for each sub-project area. 
  • Design Development: Three, aerial-axon perspectives, one for each sub-project area.
  • Design Development: Surface Typology Diagrams
  • Schematic Design: One, 1:50 Schematic Design site layout plan, 30x42 landscape orientation.  (Updated and Revised), For final presentation the Schematic Design layout plan may be illustrated, per your discretion. 
  • Schematic Design: Two, Schematic Design site perspectives, (Updated and Revised).
  • Schematic Design: Two, Schematic Design Site Sections/Elevations at 1:20 or 1:30 (Updated and Revised).
  • Schematic Design: One, 1:50 Schematic Design presentation model  (Updated and Revised).

 

NOTE: The work products describe the final requirements only. Therefore, I strongly encourage you to use the broad range of design techniques that you feel are necessary for your work, such as sketches, diagrams, study models, precedent research, reflective writing, etc.  As always, I welcome updates via email or meetings by office hours or appointment.